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Intellectual Property

Intellectual property comprises the protection of patents, trademarks, industrial designs, and geographical indications. It also includes the protection of utility models, trade dress and layout-designs or topographies of integrated circuits, where such protection exists, and protection against unfair competition including/or protection of undisclosed information/trade secrets. IP is really a type of property or asset, just as valuable (or more valuable) than physical or real property, even though it may be intangible, like knowledge. The value of IP assets relative to physical assets has increased because of the importance of technology and creative works in the modern economy. IP consists of new ideas, original expressions, distinctive names, and appearance that make products unique and valuable. IP is often traded (or “licensed”) in its own right without trading in the value of an underlying product or service, by means of patent or other IP licenses from a rights owner to another.